Gabapentin is an antiepileptic/analgesic, used in the treatment of epilepsy seizures and nerve pain. Gabapentin may be prescribed by your doctor to treat epilepsy seizures, diabetic nerve pain and nerve pain resulting from herpes. It may also be used in the treatment of chronic pain conditions, as a sympathetic nerve blocker. The sympathetic nervous system controls sweating, temperature, sensitivity, sensation, circulation and skin reactions.
Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) may be prescribed this drug as a means of reducing chronic pain and associated responses. In the case of CRPS, the patient will probably take this drug in combination with painkillers or anti-inflammatories. Gabapentin is not a pain killer, but blocks the nerve signals so that the body can heal and learn to read the signals correctly.
For patients with epilepsy, it may be used as an additional treatment for partial epileptic seizures that are not controlled with other epilepsy medications.It is available in gelatine capsules of 100mg, 300mg and 400mg, in blister packs of 10, 20, 30, 50, 60, 90, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 capsules.
Capsules should be swallowed whole with liquid, with or after food.If you are taking other medicines, your doctor should be made aware of them. Gabapentin may interact badly with some herbal remedies (non-prescription), and both antacids and ibruprofen may affect the way Gabapentin works.
If you have an allergy to lactose, you should inform your doctor, as Gabapentin capsules contain this ingredient.Gabapentin should NOT be taken if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
USAGE FOR EPILEPSY: The usual starting dose is 300mg for adults and children over 12 years of age. This dose is taken on the evening of the first day. Your doctor may then increase the dose on the second day to 300mg in the morning, and 300mg in the evening. On the third day you may be increased to 300mg three times per day. The maximum dosage is 3600mg per day. Gabapentin is not recommended for children under 12 years.
USAGE FOR DIABETIC NERVE PAIN: The dosage follows the rules for epilepsy, and may be continued for up to 5 months. If you suffer from any kidney problems, the doctor may issue a lower dosage.
USAGE AS A NERVE BLOCK: Gabapentin is not marketed for use as a nerve block, but is commonly used as such following successful applications. The dosage follows the same rules as for epilepsy patients, with a maximum dosage of 3600mg. For chronic pain conditions, Gabapentin may need